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Zhushu jinian 竹書紀年 "Bamboo Annals"
|Literature by A to Z|
Literature by time
Literature by theme
The first example presents the events during the reign of the last Shang king ("Zhow"), and the defeat of the House of Shang by the new Zhou Dynasty. The second example shows a highlight of the Warring States period, when the three houses of Zhao, Wei, and Han ("Hann") took over more and more political responsibility and subdued the state of Jin.
Di Xin, (the last ruler of Shang)
His first name was Shou; this was Zhow; he is also called Shouxin. In his first year, which was a jihai year (1101 BC), when he came to the throne, he dwelt in Yin. He gave appointments to the Marquis of Jiu (or Chou 仇), Zhou (the Marquis of Zhou was the Chief of the West 西伯, Ji Chang 姬昌), and Yu.
3rd year, a sparrow produced a hawk.
4th year, he had a great hunting in Li. He invented the punishment of roasting.
5th year, summer, he built the tower of Nandan. There was a shower of earth in Bo.
6th year, the Chief of the West offered sacrifice for the first time for his ancestors in Bi.
9th year, the royal forces attacked the state of Su, and brought away Princess Daji (not: Danji!) as a captive. The king made an apartment for her, with walls of carnation stone, and the doors all-adorned with gems.
10th year, summer, 6th month, he hunted in the western borders.
17th year, the Chief of the West smote the Di tribes. In the winter, the king made a pleasure excursion to Ji.
21st year, spring, 1st month, the feudal lords went to Zhou to do homage. Boyi and Shuqi betook themselves to Zhou Guzhu.
22nd year, winter, he had a great hunting along the Wei River.
23rd year, he imprisoned the Chief of the West in Youli.
29th year, he liberated the Chief of the West, who was met met by many of the feudal lords, and escorted back to Cheng.
30th year, spring, 3rd month, the Chief of the West lead the feudal lords to the court with their tributes.
31st year, the Chief of the West began to form a regular army in Bi, with Lü Shang as its commander.
32nd year, there was a conjunction of the five planets in Fang. A red crow lighted on the altar to the spirits of the land of Zhou. The people of Mi invaded Ruan, when the Chief of the West led a force against Mi.
33rd year, the people of Mi surrendered to the army of Zhou, and were removed to Cheng. The King granted power to the Chief of the West to punish and attack offendike CAO. The armies met at the Red Cliff. At this time, the army of CAO CAO was very numerous, but the soldiers were already weakened by a pestilence, and during the first clashes, CAO CAO suffered a defeat and withdrew his troops to the north bank of the Yangtse. ZHOU YU and the others camped at the southern bank. YU's division general HUANG GAI said, "The troops of the thieves (of CAO CAO) are numerous, but we are left alone; it would be difficult to hold our position for longer time. But if we have a look at CAO CAO 's war ships we see that he has tied the ships together at bow and stern. It is easy to burn all the ships and make him run away." HUANG made use of ten big war-ships, filled them with fire wood and dry reeds, soaked with oil and stuffed with fabrics. On the top he erected flags with indentations. He had written a letter to CAO CAO, pretending to go over to him. He also had prepared propelling ships that were bound at the stern of the burning ships to push them forward. The soldiers of CAO CAO's army all left the camp to gaze at the ships and expected HUANG GAI to desert, like he had promised. HUANG GAI commanded all ships and incended all of them at the same time. In a fierce wind, the fire spread to the river bank and burned down CAO CAO's camp where the flames reached high up to the sky. Masses of people and horses died in the flames. Being thus defeated, CAO CAO's army withdrew, turned and sought a sure place in the commandery Nanjun. LIU BEI and ZHOU Yu together persecuted the fleeing army.
55. Biography of Huang Gai: In the era Jian'an, HUANG GAI was a follower of ZHOU YU and together with him mastered Duke CAO at the Red Cliff, carrying out the plot with the fire attack. This story is told in ZHOU YU's biography.