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Chinese History - The Ten Kingdoms 十國 (902-979)
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Qian Liu 錢鏐 (posthumous Wu-Yue Wusuwang 吳越武肅王 - see titles of emperors) was regional inspector (cishi 刺史) of Hangzhou 杭州, later military commissionary (jiedushi 節度使) of Zhenhai 鎮海 and Donghai 東海. In 902 he was officially enfeoffed as king of Yue 越, in 907 as king of Wu and Yue 吳越. His successors tried several times to gain territory the empire of Min in the south. After the Song 宋 empire had defeated the neighboring state of Southern Tang (Nantang 南唐) in 975, emperor Qian Chu 錢俶 (posthumous Wu-Yue Zhongyiwang 吳越忠懿王) submitted to the new ruler of China.
During the long rule of Qian Liu, his son Qian Guan 錢瓘 (posthumous Wu-Yue Wenmuwang 吳越文穆王) and his grandson Qian Chu the Wu-Yue empire enjoyed a period of internal and external peace that provided the chance for economical prosperity. Silk, paper, and porcelain were famous products of this region. The location at the sea offered the possibility for international trade with Japan, the northeastern regions and southeast Asia.
See also titles of rulers.
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